Not Edited nor Revised The concept of African personality generally refers to manifestations of cultural uniqueness among Africans as reflected in their behavior, social norms, customs, values, beliefs, religious zeal, attitudes, explanations of the cosmos and the supernatural, social and political systems historically or in contemporary times. The concept of the African personality has been addressed by many past and contemporary Africans and Afro-Americans. It has been defined differently when used to designate all the black people with an African heritage; mainly those of the Caribbean Islands and the United States of America.
He joined 2 Commando, before being commissioned as a subaltern into 3 Commando as OC 12 Troop in He served three years with the South African paras, involved in training at 1 Parachute Battalion and 44 Parachute Brigade before finally leaving the military.
He is a publisher and lives in the Lowveld town of Barberton, South Africa. We have published 1 book by Walter Addison: After completing an engineering degree at Wits University, he worked in Johannesburg for an international food machinery manufacturer called APV Kestner.
He married Diana Burroughes in A stepson, Peter came with the marriage contract and together Walter and Diana had two children, Gillian and Matthew. On his retirement from APV Kestner, inthey moved to Balgowan in the Midlands of KZNwhere he is active in nature conservation and indulges in the hobbies of fishing, woodwork, cooking and wine We have published 1 book by Carl Alberts: At age seven he moved with his parents to Kilembe in Uganda from whence, due to increasing instability in that country, the family immigrated to South Africa.
He enrolled at the University of Witwatersrand in to study law but student life did not appeal to him, so, inhe joined the South African Air Force, becoming a helicopter gunship pilot and serving extensively in South West Africa and southern Angola.
After the de-escalation of hostilities inhe qualified as a flying instructor, achieving overall first place on his course.
He ended his instructional stint as a flight commander and was rated as an A1 category flying instructor. After a posting to 15 Squadron in Durban as a flight commander and instructor on Puma and Alouette helicopters, he resigned in to join Executive Outcomes.
An avid outdoorsman, he quickly developed a keen appreciation for the beauty and allure of the African bush - a passion that endures to this day. Upon leaving school he managed to satisfy one of his other passions-aviation-by gaining admission onto one of the Air Force's exacting trainee pilot programmes.
With the advent of Zimbabwe, and bigger prospects beckoning, he adopted South Africa as his new home in the early s. Soon after graduating in civil engineering he moved into the corporate sphere and so began a successful career in the industrial sector.
With a personal philosophy that values life balance - and an adventurous spirit in constant need of assuagement - Gary shares his time between family, career, staying fit, private flying, travelling, responsible 4x4 off-roading, research, sketching and writing.
He lives in Johannesburg with his wife Paula and two children, Adam and Paige. Contact Gary at albyn global. Philosophical anthropology - the study of the nature and essence of humankind - reveals that our most basic social needs are met when we find ourselves affiliated in some way to a group.
As Homo sapiens evolved, desirable consequences arose from these dynamic communal forces; safety, succour and kinship. Whilst some atavistic urges remain, others have either been suppressed by social mores or have disappeared along with mutations.
However, our need for association, and the interaction it provides, has not changed. Unravelling the very complex sociological forces that unite people in groups, whatever their ilk, is no easy task. Yet history provides ample evidence of individuals, groups and nations that have surrendered themselves to assemblies whose intentions or purpose has been anything but communally beneficial.
As our species evolved through phases of hunter, gatherer, pastoralist, tool maker and industrialist, our survival, development and very existence has been inextricably intertwined with the multitude of species with which we share the planet.
We proclaim our species represents the pinnacle of advancement, as suggested by our cognitive identification of self, yet we are still guilty of perpetrating the most mindless acts of destruction against the very species and habitats which have sustained us over the millennia.
Does this mean that we should cease ALL interactions and dependencies on every other species that we have so mindlessly exploited? Animal Rightists will tell you "yes! This is not limited to the eradication of humans' use of animals as a source of protein - it includes the elimination of dependency on all animal by-products, as well as the complete forfeiture of all animal-related pastimes and entertainment; from pigeon racing to koi ponds, from falconry to sericulture.
Sociological forces may, in some way or form, propel us towards affiliating ourselves with certain groups, yet we should consider very carefully the aims and intentions of those groups before we blindly commit to their ethos.
Being an Animal Rightist, as a pet owner for example, is evidently self-contradictory. Yet many of the blindly faithful acolytes who vociferously protest for animal rights have largely been duped by the group's real aim.
At their core, and through a very cleverly created facade, Animal Rightists prey on the emotions of unwitting benefactors and unburden them of millions of donor dollars every year. Broadly speaking, animal anti-cruelty societies would consider themselves Animal Welfarists.
They devote their time and effort to protecting animals, ensuring their welfare and, where authorized to do so, bringing to book those senseless individuals caught willfully maltreating animals.
Should we subscribe to the philosophy of Welfarists? Whether for bush meat or traditional medicine, a committed Conservationist will be as appalled by the profligate destruction of a family of Mountain gorillas as a Rightist or Welfarist.
Yet despite their shared sense of injustice, Rightists are openly hostile towards the more pragmatic ideals held by Conservationists. Conservationists argue that the careful management of an enclosed ecosystem requires the prioritisation of soil management over vegetation management, and only then the fauna that occupies that system.
Left unchecked, the uncontrolled population growth of a potentially destructive animal like an elephant unnaturally contained within a confined areawill lead to the decimation of the vegetation, and thereafter the rapid degradation of the soil structures bound by the roots.When African literature is published in the West, it is all too often realist, in English, and in the spirit of Chinua Achebe.
But romance, science fiction, fantasy, epic, experimental poetry, satire, and political allegory all find expression in Africa, . This Bibliography is laid out as follows: A. Primary Sources. 1. South Africa Historical Archive a.
Interviews conducted by Julie Frederikse 2. Authors Interviews. celebration of African Australians - To honour, recognize and celebrate the contributions of Africans to any and/or all spheres of the Australian society including but not limited to: social, economic, political, and community engagements.
Browse Subjects. Click on a Subject Area link below to view books in that area and sort by title, author, format, date published, or price. Click on a Library, Publishing Partner, or Series link below to view all titles in that collection in series order.
The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material, and we provide these as a free service of the Writing Lab at Purdue. Contextual Essay.
Involuntary Commitment and Recovery: An Innovative Mental Health Peer Support Program. Mary Ellen Copeland Union Institute & University, Learner #