Many slang expressions for old English money and modern British money technically now called Pounds Sterling originated in London, being such a vast and diverse centre of commerce and population. While sources of British money slang vary widely, London cockney rhyming slang features particularly strongly in money slang words and their origins. The history of money and its terminology, formal and slang, is fascinating - the language was and remains full of character, and although much has been lost, much still survives in the money slang words and expressions of today.
See Article History Slang, unconventional words or phrases that express either something new or something old in a new way. It is flippantirreverent, indecorous; it may be indecent or obscene. Its colourful metaphors are generally directed at respectability, and it is this succinctsometimes witty, frequently impertinent social criticism that gives slang its characteristic flavour.
Slang, then, includes not just words but words used in a special way in a certain social context. The origin of the word slang itself is obscure; it first appeared in print aroundapplied to the speech of disreputable and criminal classes in London.
The term, however, was probably used much earlier. Other related types of nonstandard word usage include cant and jargonsynonyms for vague and high-sounding or technical and esoteric language not immediately intelligible to the uninitiate.
In England, the term cant still indicates the specialized speech of criminals, which, in the United States, is more often called argot.
The term dialect refers to language characteristic of a certain geographic area or social class. The Editors of Encyclopaedia Britannica Development of slang Slang emanates from conflicts in values, sometimes superficial, often fundamental. When an individual applies language in a new way to express hostility, ridicule, or contemptoften with sharp wit, he may be creating slang, but the new expression will perish unless it is picked up by others.
If the speaker is a member of a group that finds that his creation projects the emotional reaction of its members toward an idea, person, or social institution, the expression will gain currency according to the unanimity of attitude within the group.
A new slang term is usually widely used in a subculture before it appears in the dominant culture. Slang sometimes stems from within the group, satirizing or burlesquing its own values, behaviour, and attitudes; e. This is one reason why it is difficult to determine the origin of slang terms.
Creators of slang Civilized society tends to divide into a dominant culture and various subcultures that flourish within the dominant framework. The subcultures show specialized linguistic phenomena, varying widely in form and content, that depend on the nature of the groups and their relation to each other and to the dominant culture.
The shock value of slang stems largely from the verbal transfer of the values of a subculture to diametrically opposed values in the dominant culture. Names such as fuzz, pig, fink, bull, and dick for policemen were not created by officers of the law.
Occupational groups are legion, and while in most respects they identify with the dominant culture, there is just enough social and linguistic hostility to maintain group solidarity.
Terms such as scab, strike-breaker, company-man, and goon were highly charged words in the era in which labour began to organize in the United States; they are not used lightly even today, though they have been taken into the standard language.
In addition to occupational and professional groups, there are many other types of subcultures that supply slang. These include sexual deviantsnarcotic addicts, ghetto groups, institutional populations, agricultural subsocieties, political organizations, the armed forces, Gypsies, and sports groups of many varieties.
Some of the most fruitful sources of slang are the subcultures of professional criminals who have migrated to the New World since the 16th century. In criminal subcultures, pressure applied by the dominant culture intensifies the internal forces already at work, and the argot forming there emphasizes the values, attitudes, and techniques of the subculture.Slang is language (words, phrases, and usages) of an informal register that members of special groups like teenagers, musicians, or criminals favor (over a standard language) in order to establish group identity, exclude outsiders, or both..
Slang is used in a way that sometimes people of higher social status will criticize people who use it. Slang: Slang, unconventional words or phrases that express either something new or something old in a new way.
It is flippant, irreverent, indecorous; it may be indecent or obscene. Its colourful metaphors are generally directed at respectability, and it is this succinct, sometimes witty, frequently.
This page lists some of the endearing terminology male homosexuals use or have used to refer to their diverse sexual practices. () Not all terms are currently in . Beef meaning ‘to complain’ is a coinage of the midth century. This quote comes from an anonymous burglar's memoir, published in New York in (though the burglar himself was English and had fled from London): > Leaves from the Diary of.
In the United States, "redskin" is regarded as a racial epithet by some, but as neutral by others, including some Native Americans. The American Heritage style guide advises that "the term redskin evokes an even more objectionable stereotype" than the use of red as a racial adjective by outsiders, while others urge writers to use the term only in a historical context.
If a major portion of society deems the word tip to mean: To Insure Prompt Service then that is what the definition of the word is. Take the word GAY as an example and precedence, where the original meaning of the word is replaced and regulated to being a “dated” definition.