He said that the world crisis was from humanity losing the ethical idea of civilization, "the sum total of all progress made by man in every sphere of action and from every point of view in so far as the progress helps towards the spiritual perfecting of individuals as the progress of all progress". The abstract noun "civilization", meaning "civilized condition", came in the s, again from French. The first known use in French is inby Victor Riqueti, marquis de Mirabeauand the first use in English is attributed to Adam Fergusonwho in his Essay on the History of Civil Society wrote, "Not only the individual advances from infancy to manhood, but the species itself from rudeness to civilisation".
While developing an idea for a lecture program, I conducted a series of surveys over a period of two years, asking people to list the fundamental values and principles which they felt we needed to uphold in order to make our world as perfect as is humanly possible.
In total, some 1, individuals were questioned.
Overwhelmingly, my respondents—predominantly Westerners, from the United States, Canada, South America, England, France, Germany, Austria, Switzerland, the Netherlands, Spain, Portugal, Italy, etc—came up with remarkably similar answers, which could be grouped into these six categories: Respect for Human Life.
In a perfect world, all people would be guaranteed certain basic human rights, paramount among which must be the right to life. They should be able to live that life without constant fear of its loss and with certain basic dignity.
On all levels—whether communal or global—people and nations should co-exist in peace and harmony with respect for each other. All people, regardless of race, sex, or social status should be treated equally and fairly in the eyes of the law. Everyone should receive a basic education that would guarantee functional literacy within society.
On an individual, community, national and global level, people must take responsibility for the world. This should include an organized social network to address basic concerns such as disease, poverty, famine, crime, drug-related problems, as well as environmental and animal protection issues.
The respondents to my survey came from all walks of life, yet regardless of their backgrounds, they were in agreement.
Indeed, they, and I venture to say most human beings the world over, deeply believe that The impact of non classical civilizations in our society perfect world must include these universal values.
Are these six basic ideas intrinsic to human nature? Have people always felt this way? And if not, where did we get these values? What is the source of this utopian world vision?
My search for answers to these questions has produced this book. Where did the values and principles of the modern world come from? The answer I found will surprise, perhaps even shock, the reader.
As the respondents to my survey were predominantly residents of democratic countries, they naturally assumed that the values they hold dear have originated—as did democracy—with the Greeks and, to a lesser extent, with disseminators of Hellenistic, i.
Greek ideas, the Romans. Indeed, this issue is subject to much debate in academic circles these days. Traditionalists continue to insist that the values of ancient Greece and Rome underlie all our learning, philosophy, art, and ethics, while their opponents accuse them that their idealization of Greco-Roman standards of virtue, wisdom, and beauty is sentimental if not downright unreal.
Reporting on this bitter controversy, the New York Times March 7, asked in a headline: Without a doubt, much of our ideas about art, beauty, philosophy, government, and modern empirical science do come from classical Greek thought.
Western law, government, administration, and engineering were also powerfully shaped by Rome. But can the same be said about our values, ethics, and principles? Let me hasten to say that this is not a trick question; I am not hinting here at some far-fetched notion that we really got our values from the Far East.
Although, with the recent interest in Eastern philosophies a few voices have been raised advocating this view, the undisputed historical fact is that only within the last few hundred years did the West have any significant interaction with the East.
So the question remains: How did we come to order our moral values in this particular way? To answer this question we shall begin our examination by taking a look just how those civilizations—which, without a doubt, shaped our political and social systems—related to the values we hold dear today.
Did they consider them essential to the making of an ideal world? Or was their worldview considerably different than ours?
Of all the principles we might list, the basic right to life seems certainly the most fundamental. We all want to live without fear of being arbitrarily deprived of life.
We all want to live with a certain minimal amount of human dignity. We all want certain protection in the law against oppression by tyrants who might consider certain segments of society expendable simply because they are too weak or too poor to protect themselves.
As obvious and important as this concept seems to us today, it was not so obvious or important in the world of antiquity. To begin with, Greeks and Romans—as well as virtually every ancient culture we know of—practiced infanticide. By infanticide, I mean the killing of newborn children as a way of population control, sex selection generally, boys were desirable, girls undesirableand as a way of ridding society of potentially burdensome or deformed members.
A baby that appeared weak or sickly at birth, or had even a minor birth defect such a cleft pallet, hair lip, or cleft foot, or was in some other way imperfect was killed.major political, religious/philosophical, and cultural influences of classical civilizations: rome 4 Latin - remains language of learning after fall of Rome and becomes official language of the Roman Catholic Church.
The Impact of Christianity What if Jesus Had Never Been Born?
In this article, "Christianity is responsible for the way our society is organized and for the way we currently live. In ancient cultures, a wife was the property of her husband. Aristotle said that a woman was somewhere between a free man and a slave.
The Impact of Ancient Egypt Ancient Egypt is a civilization of wealth and structure that flourished along the Nile River in northeastern Africa from about B.C to 30 B.C.
In over 3, years, one of the most sophisticated and creative societies advanced where no other civilization did. The classical civilizations of Rome, Greece, India, Persia, and China created and left behind many important things that helped inspire and influence many of the things we use and see today.
The classical civilizations had a long-term impact on today’s world through architecture, religions, and government systems. Societal collapse is the fall of a complex human ashio-midori.com a disintegration may be relatively abrupt, as in the case of Maya civilization, or gradual, as in the case of the fall of the Western Roman Empire..
The subject of societal collapse is of interest in such fields as history, anthropology, sociology, political science, and, more recently, complex-systems science.
This page deals with the civilization of Classical Greece. Other pages deal with the Minoan civilization which preceded it, and with the Hellenistic civilization which followed it..
Overview and Timeline. The civilization of Ancient Greece emerged into the light of world history in the 8th century BC.