It represented major change from to the period The movement originated in Great Britain and affected everything from industrial manufacturing processes to the daily life of the average citizen.
In the political sphere also the industrial revolution had manifold impact. In the first place it led to colonization of Asia and Africa. Great Britain and other industrial countries of Europe began to look for new colonies which could supply them the necessary raw materials for feeding their industries and also serve as ready market for their finished industrial products.
Therefore, the industrial countries carved out extensive colonial empires in the nineteenth century. In fact these countries added so much territory to their empire that one historian has described it as "the greatest land grab movement in the history of the world.
However, it cannot be denied that it also paved the way for the industrialization of these territories because the European colonizers set up certain industries in these areas.
Secondly, industrial revolution sharply divided the countries. It has been estimated that as againstpeople which left Europe in 's, over 9 million people left Europe between and Fourthly, the Industrial Revolution provided a fillip to the reform movement in England.
These Acts also prohibited employment of children in mines and laid down general rules for the health and safety of workers.
With the setting up of factories in northern parts of England larger number of people shifted from south and their population greatly declined. However, these de-populated cities continued to send same number of representatives to the Parliament whereas the new industrial towns were not represented in the Parliament.
Fifthly, the industrial revolution led to a strong trade union movement. The working men in various trades and industries formed trade union to protect themselves against their employers. Though initially the English law forbade these unions but ultimately they were accorded recognition by law in However, the trade unions could not prove effective as they were divided and lacked national unity.
Finally, industrial revolution paved the way for the development of new social and economic doctrines. While philosophers like Malthus, Ricardo and James Mill defended capitalist system and wanted the state to abstain from interfering in the economic and social sphere, on the other hand philosophers like Robert Owen, Karl Marx, William Godwin, Proudhon etc.
But more concrete contributions towards the development of socialism were made by Karl Marx who examined the reports of the Parliamentary Commissions on effects of industrial revolution and came to the conclusion that the only solution lay in socialization of means of production, the abolition of the rule of capitalists and transfer of power to hitherto powerless proletariat.Descriptive Essay: The Industrial Revolution and its Effects The Industrial Revolution was a time of great age throughout the world.
It represented major change from to the period It was the first to take on new modern production methods.
The transition to machine power drastically increased productivity and efficiency. This.
Discover the history and impact of the Age of Exploration, which lasted from the early 15th century to the end of the 17th century. The era known as the Age of Exploration, sometimes called the Age of Discovery, officially began in the early 15th century and lasted through the 17th century.
The first of the journeys associated with the. The 19th century, also referred to as the Victorian Era, ushered in an era of unprecedented prosperity to England. This lesson touches on 19th-century English society, its social values and class.
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