Share5 Shares 10K Rome annihilated Carthage to ensure it would never again rise as a major threat. The vast armies of Persia were repeatedly beaten back by the Greeks, subjugated by the might of Alexander, and destroyed by the rise of Islam.
Development[ edit ] A map showing approximate areas of various Mississippian and related cultures. Cahokia is located near the center of this map in the upper part of the Middle Mississippi area.
Although some evidence exists of occupation during the Late Archaic period around BCE in and around the site,  Cahokia as it is now defined was settled around CE during the Late Woodland period. Mound building at this location began with the emergent Mississippian cultural period, about the 9th century CE.
The mounds were later named after the Cahokia tribea historic Illiniwek people living in the area when the first French explorers arrived in the 17th century.
As this was centuries after Cahokia was abandoned by its original inhabitants, the Cahokia tribe was not necessarily descended from the earlier Mississippian-era people.
This period appears to have fostered an agricultural revolution in upper North America, as the three-fold crops of maize, beans legumesand gourds squash were developed and adapted or bred to the temperate climates of the north from their origins in Mesoamerica.
The decline of the city coincides with the Little Ice Agealthough by then, the three-fold agriculture remained well-established throughout temperate North America. Cahokia was located in a strategic position near the confluence of the Mississippi, Missouriand Illinois Rivers.
It maintained trade links with communities as far The cahokia mounds essay as the Great Lakes to the north and the Gulf Coast to the south, trading in such exotic items as copper, Mill Creek chert and whelk shells. Mill Creek chert, most notably, was used in the production of hoes, a high demand tool for farmers around Cahokia and other Mississippian centers.
Bartering, not money was used in trade. Although it was home to only about 1, people before circaits population grew rapidly after that date.
In the early 21st century, new residential areas were found to the west of Cahokia as a result of archeological excavations, increasing estimates of area population.
One of the major problems that large centers like Cahokia faced was keeping a steady supply of food. A related problem was waste disposal for the dense population, and Cahokia became unhealthy from polluted waterways.
Due to the lack of other evidence for warfare, the palisade may have been more for ritual or formal separation than for military purposes. Diseases transmitted among the large, dense urban population are another possible cause of decline. Analysis of sediment from beneath Horseshoe Lake has revealed that two major floods occurred in the period of settlement at Cahokia, in roughly — and — Monks Moundfor example, covers 14 acres 5.
Monks Mound An illustration of Monks Mound showing it with fanciful proportions Incised sandstone tablet of a Birdman found in during excavations into the east side of Monks Mound Monks Mound is the largest structure and central focus of the city: Excavation on the top of Monks Mound has revealed evidence of a large building, likely a temple or the residence of the paramount chiefwhich would have been seen throughout the city.
The east and northwest sides of Monks Mound were twice excavated in August during an attempt to avoid erosion due to slumping. These areas were repaired to preserve the mound. Early in its history, Cahokia underwent a massive construction boom.
Along with the early phase of Monks Mound, an overarching urban layout was established at the site. It was built with a symbolic quadripartite worldview and oriented toward the four cardinal directions with the main east-west and north-south axes defined with Monks Mound near its center point.
Four large plazas were established to the east, west, north, and south of Monks Mound. It is part of the sophisticated engineering displayed throughout the site. The game was played by rolling a disc-shaped chunky stone across the field. The men would throw spears where they thought the chunky stone would land.
The game required a great deal of judgment and aim. This is thought to have had symbolic associations to the builders in connection with their lunar maize goddess of the underworld.
The causeway itself may have been seen as a symbolic "Path of Souls". A later addition to the site, when the palisade was constructed, it cut through and separated some pre-existing neighborhoods.
Its bastions showed that it was mainly built for defensive purposes. To date, mounds have been located, 68 of which are in the park area.Essay Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site - Prehistoric sites display its historic beauty by the visualization of artifacts found or by its historical landmarks.
These characteristics enable archaeologists to trace the evolution of societal influences among various geographic areas. 29 Cities All Twentysomethings Should Pick Up And Move To.
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Essay Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site - Prehistoric sites display its historic beauty by the visualization of artifacts found or by its historical landmarks. These characteristics enable archaeologists to trace the evolution of societal influences among various geographic areas. Arawak men and women, naked, tawny, and full of wonder, emerged from their villages onto the island's beaches and swam out to get a closer look at the strange big boat. The Demise of Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site Words | 7 Pages present day Collinsville, Illinois is Cahokia Mounds State Historic Site, which was once home to the largest city north of Mexico from to A.D. Settled by the Mississippian people, today their decline remains a mystery.
Event. Date. Global Population Statistics. The Spanish “Reconquest” of the Iberian peninsula ends in January with the conquest of Granada, the last city held by the Moors. The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) World Heritage sites are places of importance to cultural or natural heritage as described in the UNESCO World Heritage Convention, established in The United States of America ratified the convention on December 7, , making its historical sites eligible for inclusion on the list.
The city of Cahokia, in modern-day Illinois, had a population of twenty thousand at its pinnacle in the s.
With pyramids, mounds, and several large ceremonial areas, Cahokia was the hub of a way of life for millions of Native Americans before the society's decline and devastation by foreign diseases. d e s c r i p t i o n of the antiquities discovered in the state of ohio and other western states.
communicated to the president of the american antiquarian.