Test and Essay Items Learning Outcomes:
The number of alternatives can vary among items as long as all alternatives are plausible. Plausible alternatives serve as functional distractors, which are those chosen by students that have not achieved the objective but ignored by students that have achieved the objective.
There is little difference in difficulty, discrimination, and test score reliability among items containing two, three, and four distractors. Avoid complex multiple choice items, in which some or all of the alternatives consist of different combinations of options.
Keep the specific content of items independent of one another. Savvy test-takers can use information in one question to answer another question, reducing the validity of the test. Finally, designing alternatives that require a high level of discrimination can also contribute to multiple choice items that test higher-order thinking.
Additional Resources Burton, Steven J. Guidelines for University Faculty, Cheung, Derek and Bucat, Robert. How can we construct good multiple-choice items? Developing and validating multiple-choice test items, 2nd edition. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Validity of a taxonomy of multiple-choice item-writing rules.
Applied Measurement in Education, 2 1, Morrison, Susan and Free, Kathleen. Writing multiple-choice test items that promote and measure critical thinking. Journal of Nursing Education Advantages of the Essay Tests: 1.
It is relatively easier to prepare and administer a six-question extended- response essay test than to prepare and administer a comparable item multiple-choice test items.
2. It is the only means that can assess an examinee’s ability to organise and present his ideas in a logical and coherent fashion. 3. Essay on australia myself in english essay exam sample nutrition month what is an essay definition vocations about teenager essay school essay reading process spm speech act essay multiple choice questions expression in english essay environment protection.
Discussion essay introduction macbeth a essay about dream ashio-midori.com essay support word. PREPARING EFFECTIVE ESSAY QUESTIONS A Self-directed Workbook for Educators by Christian M.
Reiner to see characteristics of effective essay questions and to support educators in the "A test item which requires a response composed by the examinee, usually in the form of. An essay test item can be classified as either an extended-response essay item or a short-answer essay item.
The latter calls for a more restricted or limited answer in terms of form or scope. An example of each type of essay item follows. TRUE Essay items are generally easier and less time consuming to construct than are most objective test items.
Technically correct and content appropriate mul-tiple choice and true-false test items require an extensive amount of time to write and revise. 2. Essay exams require more thorough student preparation and study time than objective exams. Here, we’ll focus on essay items —those items where the test taker is expected to write a coherent and informative response to a ques-tion.
Forget about that Friday spelling test or even the SAT—essay tests are the real thing when it comes to seeing how well test takers.