Design Unlike unique sciences such as mathematics, the perspective, activity, or discipline of design is not brought to a generally accepted common denominator. The historical beginnings of design are complex and the nature of design is still the subject of ongoing discussion. The fluid nature of the theory allows the designer to operate without being constrained by a rigid structure.
Capabilities[ edit ] A web content management system controls a dynamic collection of web material, including HTML documents, imagesand other forms of media.
A WCMS typically has the following features: Access control Some WCMS systems support user groups, which control how registered users interact with the site.
A page on the site can be restricted to one or more groups. This means an anonymous user someone not logged onor a logged on user who is not a member of the group a page is restricted to, is denied access.
Scalable expansion Available in most modern WCMSs is the ability to expand a single implementation one installation on one server across multiple domains, depending on the server's settings. Easily editable content Once content is separated from the visual presentation of a site, it usually becomes much easier and quicker to edit and manipulate.
Scalable feature sets Most WCMS software includes plug-ins or modules that can be easily installed to extend an existing site's functionality. Web standards upgrades Active WCMS software usually receives regular updates that include new feature sets and keep the system up to current web standards.
Workflow management workflow is the process of creating cycles of sequential and parallel tasks that must be accomplished in the WCMS. For example, one or many content creators can submit a story, but it is not published until the copy editor cleans it up and the editor-in-chief approves it.
Collaboration WCMS software may act as a collaboration platform where many users retrieve and work on content. Changes can be tracked and authorized for publication or ignored reverting to old versions.
Other advanced forms of collaboration allow multiple users to modify or comment a page at the same time in a collaboration session. Delegation Some WCMS software allows for various user groups to have limited privileges over specific content on the website, spreading out the responsibility of content management.
This enables viewing changes to multiple interdependent resources in context prior to submission. They may also e-mail users when updates become available. Authorized editors can retrieve previous versions and work from a selected point.
Versioning is useful for content that changes and requires updating, but it may be necessary to start from or reference a previous version.
These terms describe the deployment pattern for the WCMS in terms of when it applies presentation templates to render web pages from structured content.
Offline processing[ edit ] These systems, sometimes referred to as "static site generators",  pre-process all content, applying templates before publication to generate web pages.
Since pre-processing systems do not require a server to apply the templates at request time, they may also exist purely as design-time tools. Online processing[ edit ] These systems apply templates on-demand. Most open source WCMSs support add-ons that extended the system's capabilities.
These include features like forums, blogs, wikis, web stores, photo galleries, and contact management. These are variously called modules, nodes, widgets, add-ons, or extensions.
Hybrid processing[ edit ] Some systems combine the offline and online approaches.
Some systems write out executable code e. That way, personnel don't have to deploy the WCMS itself on every web server. Other hybrids operate in either an online or offline mode.
Others may be affordable based on size subscriptions.
Plus software can be bought based on need for many WCMSs. Easy customization A universal layout is created, making pages have a similar theme and design without much code. It makes it easy for beginner users to create custom front-ends.
Simplicity in design of the admin UI lets website content managers and other users update content without much training in coding or system maintenance.
Workflow management WCMSs provide the facility to control how content is published, when it is published, and who publishes it.Union Pacific operates North America's premier railroad franchise, covering 23 states in the western two-thirds of the United States.
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Send questions or comments to doi. Subscribe now and save, give a gift subscription or get help with an existing subscription. Design management is a field of inquiry that uses project management, design, strategy, and supply chain techniques to control a creative process, support a culture of creativity, and build a structure and organization for ashio-midori.com objective of design management is to develop and maintain an efficient business environment in which .
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