It may also have been our greatest blunder. Astronomy taught us that our earth isn't the center of the universe but merely one of billions of heavenly bodies. From biology we learned that we weren't specially created by God but evolved along with millions of other species.
Owing to the lack of conclusive evidences available until now, this research proposes likely hypotheses, not definitive solutions. The historic facts exposed here and the reasonable credit that may be bestowed on ancient myths allow the author to frame feasible hypotheses open to further discussion.
Is it there any link that relates with each other peoples that apparently are quite different? Can these peoples, having different origins - namely Kushitic, Semitic and Japhetic - converge into the ethnogenesis of a single modern nation?
The answer to these questions is: Indeed, most of the peoples mentioned above had vanished leaving hardly any trace of themselves; yet, it is unlikely that entire nations that have even ruled over vast empires disappear: May two different, unrelated modern nations be mysteriously linked by a thread running through history of mankind since the dim and distant past, namely since the very beginnings of recorded history?
May they still be organized States as they were then, after having undergone migrations, wars, exiles, and even temporarily "disappeared" from the historic scene?
Also to these questions, the answer is: This is the case of Hungarians, a "non-European" people of Europe, and their enigmatic connexion with the Hebrew people The complexity of this research requires an accurate, detailed fragmentation of topics arranged like the pieces of a puzzle, that may be understood once they all have been properly placed together in a meaningful order.
The Legends of Origins There are very few records of the Hungarian ancient history except two myths of the origins, so that they have to be taken as the first reference in order to understand their beginnings through their own oral traditions.
Both of them, surprisingly for an Eurasian people of the steppes, mention characters having Biblical and ancient Mesopotamian names! Unlike other Asian or European myths, that may have some resemblances with the most ancient legends of the Middle East but usually with a completely different nomenclature, the Hungarian accounts keep the original names.
The Legend of the White Stag ascribes the origin of the Hungarians to the merging of three peoples: Huns, Magyars and Alans. Since the Alans, together with the Yazyg and Roxlans are classified as Massagetas in early records and as Sarmatians in later ones, henceforth the terms "Alan", "Yazyg", "Roxlan" and "Massageta" will be mentioned as "Sarmatian" in order to make this essay more intelligible, avoiding synonymous or quasi-synonymous terms unless specification is required.
They are identified with the Moshkhi of the Assyrian chronicles and Meshekh of the Bible. For detailed information on this topic, please see Eurasians and Sarmatians.
The Sumerian Etana was the first mighty one on earth who wanted to visit heaven, and did. This story coincides with the Biblical account concerning Nimrod, though it is feasible that Nimrod set up the construction of the Tower of Bavel on behalf of his father, being coherent with the Babylonian myth in which the founder of Babylon was Bel, the father of Ninus Nimrudthat was the first king.
The Assyrian accounts refer that Nimrud had twin sons, one of whose names was Magor, confirming the Hungarian myth.
The legend says that Hunor and Magor were pursuing a female stag that led them into a foreign land and there she vanished without leaving any trace.
The disappointed hunters however, met there two sisters, princesses of the Sarmatians, kidnapped and married them, becoming the forefathers of the Huns and Magyars.
Therefore, the first part of the Sumerian name resembles the Hebrew one, but the second component is definitely quite similar to Hungarian.
It is relevant that Nimrod had to "subdue" panthers in order to become a "mighty" hunter: Indeed, also the kings and notables of Central Asia from where the Hungarians departed towards Europe trained the panthers to employ them in hunting.
Panther skin has traditionally been the most precious garment among Hungarian kings and leaders, recalling the very fashion in which Nimrod himself was portrayed.
This story is about Emeshe, a Sumerian princess that was sterile until the Turul hawk came down from heaven and gave her fertility. These dreams were interpreted as a royal line from his daughter's offspring that would have built an empire, though dethroning him. The parallelism between both legends is amazing.
Indeed, there is a relationship between ancient Medes and Hungarians, that will be exposed later in this essay. His name means "dreamer", since according to the legend he was conceived after his mother's dream. Even though the most widely accepted hypothesis regarding the origin of Hungarians has been the Finno-Ugrian theory promoted mainly by Austrians for political reasonsthe fact that Hungarian legends have an indubitable Mesopotamian origin and that Magyar language has been proven essential to decipher Sumerian writings leads research in a different direction.
Cuneiform writing was also found to be used by the Hungarians long before they entered the Carpathian Basin. However, language is only one of the elements to be considered, as there are others more relevant, like cultural features and spirituality of Hungarians, that show remarkable differences from Ugro-Finnic peoples and place them unexpectedly closer to ancient Middle-Eastern, Biblical peoples.
A recurrent characteristic that is found throughout Hungarian history is the duality - within multiplicity: This duality, expressed in the first legend through the twins Hunor and Magor, figures of the most representative ancestors of modern Hungarians, namely Huns and Magyars, existed since the very beginning: Since there is an interdependence between both components, before going on dealing with the Sumerians and their evolution, it is necessary to consider the Scythians in order to have a comprehensive view of the whole picture.
The Ancient Scythians As I have written in my essay about the Eurasiansit is not easy to define who the true Scythians really were, since such term has been used with reference to different peoples sharing outwardly similar characteristics. This confusion is mainly caused by Greek historians, who were fond of creating myths and fanciful tales about the Middle Eastern peoples, that they did not understand properly - a clear example are the eccentricities ascribed to the Assyrian king "Sardanapalos" that indeed did never existmixing together some actual historic facts related with four kings, Ashurbanipal II, Ashur-etif-ilani, Shamashshumukin and Sinsharishkun, but referred as belonging to one king alone and adding a series of oddities that were not typical of the Assyrian character.
Even the name Sardanapalus is a distortion that may have more resemblance with Ashur-dan-apal or Ashur-dan-apli, that reigned a century before and whose name was just Ashur-dan being "-apal" or "-apli" likely added by some chronicler.Essay about Egypt and Mesopotamia Comparison.
Although both Egypt and Mesopotamia developed at the same time, environment and natural forces affected differences in . The Egypt civilization was located all along the Nile River, while the Mesopotamia civilization was located by the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.
The Egypt civilization’s location on the Nile River was a good spot because the Nile River flooded regularly. Egypt and Mesopotamia Essay Jeff Garcia History 1 09/26/14 Civilization is an advanced state of human society, in which a high level of culture, science, industry, .
Egypt And Mesopotamia Although the Egyptian and Mesopotamian civilizations paved the way modern civilizations, they have more differences that are illustrated in the areas of military, agriculture & society, and government types. Essay on Compare and Contrast Egypt and Mesopotamia Words Oct 22nd, 4 Pages Egypt developed around the Nile River, while Mesopotamia developed between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.
Ancient Egypt’s farming system compared with Mesopotamia Ancient Egyptians had an easier life compared to the other ancient civilizations because of their reliable agriculture system.
Geography played a big role, especially in farming.