When people approach a religious text or any large book from which they intend to derive ethical teachings, nearly without exception the person will pick up the book and pay very particular attention to all the morals they already agree with.
Religion, he said, was the first human attempt to systematically explain the world. Durkheim thought that religious rationality would wither away in modern times for him, the early twentieth century because scientific rationality would replace it, by virtue of its superior explanatory power.
Alas, he seems to have gotten this one wrong. But Durkheim was right about the genealogy of thought. Modern religion is an elaboration of a belief in magic.
In the absence of a scientific explanation of events and institutions, faith in magical powers, fetishization of nature, and overinterpretation of random variation are inevitable.
Durkheim expected religion to fall out of fashion as the Belief essay in religion society belief in magic had, for the same reason. For anyone with the least education, the superior power of scientific thinking is obvious.
Only a willful ignorance could lead to any other conclusion. This is where we find ourselves. We live in a world that wants the fruits of scientific labor, but refuses the mental discipline of scientific rationality. Just like children, we want to have our cake and to eat it too.
I Am Alone, by T. Religions have persisted, despite their inability to explain the modern world. Here, in fact, we have a stunning reversal: Many will find this uncertainty anxiety-provoking, and will look around for a convenient escape.
As social organizations, religions have a dramatic power that hides their essential irrationality. They persist today because they are so effective at constructing group identities and at setting up conflict between the in- and out-groups.
For all religions, there is an "us" and a "them. It is no accident that the history of world religions is a history of violence, hatred and intolerance. And, being liars, and thus, evil, they forfeit their rights as equal members of the community.
This is the poisonous logic of religious irrationality. All modern religions are ideological: Complete acceptance is the only way to escape the uncertainty of modernity. For this reason, religion without fanaticism is impossible.
Anyone whose mind is trapped inside such a mental prison will be susceptible to extreme forms of behavior.
All religions foment their own kind of holy war. The reader might point out that some believers are more bland and mild than fire and brimstone. Those whose devotion is moderate are, perhaps, only cowardly fanatics. They want the fellowship and the security but ignore the logic of the system to which they grudgingly adhere.
They may be more numerous than the overt fanatics, but they will always have less influence. This is simply the operation of the rule of the lowest common denominator; in response to uncertainty, the exaggerated sense of confidence of the zealot will win over the crowd.
If you doubt that this is true, consider modern politics. The same dynamic applies. This is why our political system has given birth to the "war on drugs" and "family values. If you do not think this is a fair definition of faith, look it up.Amendment I (Religion) Document James Madison, Memorial and Remonstrance against Religious Assessments.
20 June Papers To the Honorable the General Assembly of the Commonwealth of Virginia A Memorial and Remonstrance. The graph (right) clearly shows the negative association between religion and gender bias.
None of the most equal countries are highly religious, and, all of the horribly inequal countries (scoring worse than on the index) are highly religious.
The Society Religion as a Social Glue Essay - The Society Religion as a Social Glue The view in the title is a functionalist’s view. Durkheim claims that religion is to do with the sacred and certain things, people and places are perceived to be sacred for example Jesus Christ, totem and the Tajmahal.
Religious Influence in Society. by L. Ron Hubbard. An early 20th-century philosopher spoke of the impending decline of the West. What he failed to predict was that the West would export its culture to the rest of the world and thus grip the entire world in its death throes.
Here is your essay on religion, it’s meaning, nature, role and other details! Religion is an almost universal institution in human society. It is found in all societies, past and present. May 05, · By John Blake, CNN (CNN) -- When Peter Sprigg speaks publicly about his opposition to homosexuality, something odd often happens.
During his speeches, people raise their hands to challenge his assertions that the Bible condemns homosexuality, but no Christians speak out to defend him.