Jens ' numerous television appearances include episodes of L. Jens' numerous awards include several L. She was also the narrator of The Great War and Shaping of the 20th Century, the acclaimed eight hour mini-series.
None have ever succeeded in recovering the supposed treasure, and as of the time of writing April-May the current owners of most of the Island are awaiting a Treasure Trove Licence from the Nova Scotian Government to resume digging for the treasure.
Because the story has been told many times before, I will not attempt to recount it in detail, and refer the interested reader to the print and internet references in note 1.
My concern in this paper is to trace how Masonic symbolism and imagery have been incorporated in the legend.
I am not the first to note a connection between the Oak Island Legend and Freemasonry: As far as I am aware, author Mark Finnan was the first to draw explicit attention to the links between Freemasonry and the Oak Island Legend 2.
Although I am therefore not the first to discuss the Masonic aspects of the Oak Island Legend, I believe I am the first Freemason to write on the Masonic angle in the legend. I therefore have an advantage over both Finnan and Nickell, neither of whom are Masons.
The Evolution of the Oak Island Legend: The earliest unambiguous documentary evidence of treasure hunting on Oak Island dates to the year of and takes the form of a Treasuring Hunting Licence issued to Charles Archibald and John Pitblado on 6 August by the Governor of Nova Scotia 8.
The first published accounts of the Oak Island treasure hunt do not start appearing until and comprise the following: The facts disclosed in this article are limited to essentially only the following: Oak Island is the scene of a so far fruitless search for the treasure of Captain Kidd.
Four pits, of which three are still open, have been excavated to considerable depths in search of the treasure. The pits all measure approximately 12 feet [4 metres] by 8 feet [2.
Five horse-operated whimsies or gins are set up to elevate dirt, stones and water out of the pits. The article mentions nothing about when the pit was discovered, who discovered it, and who has been digging for the treasure.
This article discloses a few additional facts over and above those disclosed in the previous issues of the Liverpool Transcript, namely: The treasure search has been going on nearly every summer for the last 10 or 12 years. The three pits are connected at bottom by a lateral tunnel, where the dark and cold obliges the miners to carry lamps in their caps and be relieved every two hours.
The inflow of water is very great, and the article repeats the earlier theory that sluices or communications with the sea have been constructed to protect the treasure.
Gins and whimsies are constantly at work raising dirt, stones, and water. A fortnight previously it was thought the treasure was about to be retrieved and shares in the treasure company rose dramatically in value, but all were disappointed.
Over 50 years previously to a company from Onslow excavated the last mentioned pit and found it had been carefully refilled with earth in which they found wood, charcoal, putty, etc.
When down 93 feet [28 metres], they probed beneath them with a crowbar and struck a wooden platform at 98 feet [30 metres] after which the pit was flooded out. About 10 years previously to a company including Patrick bored down the said pit with mining augers and encountered the wooden platform at 98 feet, which proved to be Spruce 6 inches [15 centimetres] thick, then a void of 12 inches [30 centimetres] then 4 inches [10 centimetres] of Oak, then 20 inches [50 centimetres] of material which sounded like small pieces of metal as the auger worked through it, then 8 inches [20 centimetres] of Oak, then another 20 inches [50 centimetres] of the material which sounded like small pieces of metal, then 4 inches [10 centimetres] of Oak, then Spruce and then into the clay below.
This season two pits were prepared for bailing water out of the Money Pit by sinking them deeper, but before they could drain the Money Pit it collapsed further down into the earth, driving wood and clay through one of the lateral tunnels. The association currently seeking treasure is about to issue new shares to raise the money for a steam engine and pumps to continue the treasure dig.
As at the end ofthe published accounts of the Oak Island Money Pit could not be considered to incorporate much in the way of Masonic symbolism or imagery, and I do not believe any Freemason would consider the legend as of and as set out above to be overtly Masonic in any way.
As we shall see later in this paper, there is one element in the Patrick letter which could be considered unambiguously Masonic, but that element by itself would not be considered by any Freemason to be conveying any kind of Masonic message in my opinion.
It is in the next and fifth publication on the Oak Island Legend in that various Masonic elements are suddenly added to the legend, in a way that in my opinion conveys an unmistakeable Masonic message to those Freemasons who are Scottish Rite Masons but that is getting ahead of ourselves.
We now need to trace the evolution of Masonic Ritual to the end of It assumed its modern organisational form with the formation of the Grand Lodge of England in London in To put that figure into perspective, the worldwide membership of Rotary is currently about 1.
It achieves these lofty goals by putting candidates through degree ceremonies which take the form of two act plays, where the participants take roles which they are supposed to learn by heart, as in real plays.
Every Masonic Degree has its own ritual. The three basic degrees in Masonry are called the Craft Degrees, each of which has its own ritual, and the majority of Masons only ever do the three craft degrees.I have long groaned over hearing about the “Holy Grail.” Yes, we all know about King Arthur, the Knights of the Round Table, the magic sword, Excalibur, and Merlin.
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King Arthur is introduced not as a king but as an officer in the Roman army in Britain. A reluctant leader, Arthur wishes only to leave Britain.
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Find the latest sports news and articles on the NFL, MLB, NBA, NHL, NCAA college football, NCAA college basketball and more at ABC News. Day 1(*) Unit: Anglo-Saxon/Old English. 1. (*)Print out your grading sheet for the first quarter or use the Excel version.
Vocabulary. 1. Keep a vocabulary notebook and/or notecards for terms you will be . King Arthur's messianic return is an aspect of the legend of King Arthur, the mythical 6th-century British king. Few historical records of Arthur remain, and there are doubts that he ever existed, but he achieved a mythological stature that gave rise to a growing literature about his life and deeds.
One recurrent aspect of Arthurian literature was the notion that he would one day return in the.