Map of the Near East Yale Univ. It is about km southeast of Deir-Ez-Zur. The archaeological site is situated on a high, flat plateau between two ravines in the north and south.
By the first century BC it had been absorbed into the Arsacid Parthian empire. In the AD s it was seized by the Romans, and then in the s was destroyed by the new Sasanid Persian empire. Dura was outwardly a Greek city. Its history was always dominated by great imperial powers based in the Mediterranean and Iran.
Dura overlooks the Euphrates river, and is protected on three sides by cliffs and steep wadis. On the fourth, it looks westwards across the flat steppe plain towards the ancient Syrian oasis city of Palmyra Tadmor ,with which it shared very close cultural links.
There was another major gate leading out onto the bank of the Euphrates, but this has been eroded by the river. Dura gradually expanded to fill its great wall-circuit, with residential streets and administrative buildings around the central market, and many temples scattered across the town.
Largely for local policing purposes, it probably maintained its own local militia, backed up later by Palmyrene mercenary horse-archers.
All this changed with the coming of the Romans.
In the AD s, aggressive Roman wars against the Parthian empire led to the permanent seizure of Dura and parts of Mesopotamia to its north. From the early s, it became a major forward base for repeated Roman aggressions against the crumbling Arsacid power. But by the s, Rome was on the defensive; Parthia collapsed, and in her place arose a new Persian empire, under the Sasanid dynasty, which proved a much tougher proposition.
Roman soldiers at Dura c. ADbased on a wall painting and archaeological finds. An extensive necropolis of elaborate tombs sprawled across the plain to the west of the town.
Outside the Palmyrene Gate lay a huge rubbish dump. The city became more and more dominated by the presence of the Roman army, which took over many buildings and the entire northern part of the town as a garrison cantonment, while its economy was apparently undermined by constant wars and the severing of trade down-river into Persian territory.
Yet paradoxically, with new arrivals from the Roman provinces, the rich cultural mixture of life in the city grew ever more cosmopolitan. Next 4 A cosmopolitan community In addition to the established mix of Syrians especially PalmyrenesMesopotamians, and Steppe pastoralists, some of whom probably already thought of themselves as Arabs, plus elements of Greek and Iranian descent, there were now many other groups resident or passing through the town.
They constructed a rich synagogue, with stunning wall-paintings of Biblical scenes. And then there were the Christians, who maintained a house-church and baptistry in the town.
Their evidently open and tolerated presence in the middle of a major Roman garrison town reveals that the history of the early church was not simply a story of pagan persecution.Below you will find some of the best books for the study of early Christian writintgs, including collections of primary sources and presentation of scholarly opinion in secondary literature.
Site of Dura–Europos Historical & archaeological value. Dura-Europos, described as the ‘Pompeii of the Syrian desert’ is located on the Euphrates river and was founded in around BC by the general Selucos Nekator, who named it Europos after the city in Macedonia where he was born.
Dura-Europos, 'Pompeii of the Syrian Desert' Photo: the Palmyrene Gate, main entrance to the city in the middle of the long 'desert' wall. Â© S. James Dura-Europos is an ancient city in Eastern Syria, destroyed by war and abandoned in the third century AD. With this quiz and attached printable worksheet you can find out how much you know about the Duro-Europos synagogue. These questions can be. Dura-Europos. In the s, archaeologists working in Syria made a startling discovery. Under mounds of earth were buildings, beautifully preserved buildings that had survived the ravages of time. Sometimes called the Pompeii of the East, this was the city of Dura-Europos. Dura-Europos was an ancient city on the Euphrates River.
Introductory Session. Session organisers / Chairpersons: Session proposed by the Scientific Committee or International Advisory Committee – open for applications.
The Inner Lives of Ancient Houses is the first study to consider the houses of the site as a whole. The Inner Lives of Ancient Houses - J. A. Baird - Oxford University Press Dura-Europos, on the Syrian Euphrates, is one of the best preserved and most extensively excavated sites of the Roman world.
Dura-Europos is located on the west bank of the middle Euphrates River, close to the modern location of Qualat al Salihiya in Syria. It is about km southeast of Deir-Ez-Zur.
The archaeological site is situated on a high, flat plateau between two ravines in . Pagans, Jews, and Christians at Roman Dura-Europos September 23, January 8, Edge of Empires vividly illustrates the international, pluralistic character of Dura-Europos, a city strategically located high above the .