15th century and modern definition of a family

Synonyms for family Synonyms: Noun Visit the Thesaurus for More What is a family? The word has shifted its meaning considerably since it entered our language, currently contains many different senses, and in at least one of these senses may signify different things to different people.

15th century and modern definition of a family

Capitalis rustica Serifs originated in the Latin alphabet with inscriptional lettering —words carved into stone in Roman antiquity.

15th century and modern definition of a family

The explanation proposed by Father Edward Catich in his book The Origin of the Serif is now broadly but not universally accepted: Another theory is that serifs were devised to neaten the ends of lines as they were chiseled into stone. In The British Standard of the Capital Letters contained in the Roman Alphabet, forming a complete code of systematic rules for a mathematical construction and accurate formation of the same by William Hollinsit defined surripses, usually pronounced "surriphs", as "projections which appear at the tops and bottoms of some letters, the O and Q excepted, at the beginning or end, and sometimes at each, of all".

Ina Greek scholar Julian Hibbert printed with his own experimental uncial Greek types, remarking that the types of Giambattista Bodoni 's Callimachus were "ornamented or rather disfigured by additions of what [he] believe[s] type-founders call syrifs or cerefs".

The printer Thomas Curson Hansard referred to them as "ceriphs" in The OED speculates that serif was a back-formation from sanserif. Webster's Third New International Dictionary traces serif to the Dutch noun schreef, meaning "line, stroke of the pen", related to the verb schrappen, "to delete, strike through".

Schreef now also means "serif" in Dutch. Yet, "schreef" literally is past-tense of "schrijven" to write.


In her Chronologisch Woordenboek Veen,Van der Sijs lists words by first known publication in the language area that is The Netherlands today. The OED's earliest citation for "grotesque" in this sense isgiving stone-letter as a synonym.

It would seem to mean "out of the ordinary" in this usage, as in art grotesque usually means "elaborately decorated". Other synonyms include "Doric" and "Gothic", commonly used for Japanese Gothic typefaces.

Old-style[ edit ] Adobe Garamondan example of an old-style serif. Early printers in Italy created types that broke with Gutenberg's blackletter printing, creating upright and later italic styles inspired by Renaissance calligraphy.

The increasing interest in early printing during the late 19th and early 20th centuries saw a return to the designs of Renaissance printers and typefounders, many of whose names and designs are still used today.

An old-style font normally has a left-inclining curve axis with weight stress at about 8 and 2 o'clock; serifs are almost always bracketed they have curves connecting the serif to the stroke ; head serifs are often angled. Modelled on the script of the period, they tend to feature an "e" in which the cross stroke is angled, not horizontal, 'M's with two-way serifs, and often a relatively dark colour on the page.

Italics moved from being conceived to separate designs and proportions to being able to be fitted into the same line as roman type with a design complementary to it.

Several of these blend in Garalde influences to fit modern expectations, especially placing single-sided serifs on the 'M'. Transitional, or baroque, serif typefaces first became common around the midth century until the start of the nineteenth.

Differences between thick and thin lines are more pronounced than they are in old style, but less dramatic than they are in the Didone fonts that followed. Stress is more likely to be vertical, and often the 'R' has a curled tail.

The ends of many strokes are marked not by blunt or angled serifs but by ball terminals. Transitional faces often have an italic h that opens outwards at bottom right. Many of the most popular transitional designs are later creations in the same style. Fonts from the original period of transitional typefaces include early on the " romain du roi " in France, then the work of Pierre Simon Fournier in France, Fleischman and Rosart in the Netherlands, Pradel in Spain and John Baskerville and Bulmer in England.

EavesFreight Text and the earlier "modernised old styles" have been described as transitional in design.

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Didone typography Bodonian example of a modern serif Didone, or modern, serif typefaces, which first emerged in the late 18th century, are characterized by extreme contrast between thick and thin lines.

Serifs tend to be very thin, and vertical lines very heavy. Didone fonts are often considered to be less readable than transitional or old-style serif typefaces. Period examples include BodoniDidotand Walbaum.Didone, or modern, serif typefaces, which first emerged in the late 18th century, are characterized by extreme contrast between thick and thin lines.

These typefaces have a vertical stress and long and fine serifs, with minimal bracketing (constant width). Serifs tend to be very thin, and vertical lines very heavy.


Renaissance is a French word meaning “rebirth.” It refers to a period in European civilization that was marked by a revival of Classical learning and wisdom after a . Drawing, the art or technique of producing images on a surface, usually paper, by means of marks, usually of ink, graphite, chalk, charcoal, or crayon..

Drawing as formal artistic creation might be defined as the primarily linear rendition of objects in the visible world, as well as of concepts, thoughts, attitudes, emotions, and fantasies given visual form, of symbols and even of abstract forms.

Oct 06,  · Family and home Above: In the early modern period the family was the basic unit of society.

15th century and modern definition of a family

It was the place of residence and of the pooling and distribution of resources for consumption. Beds were differentiated into a wide range of types and during the 15th century bedsteads became imposing pieces of furniture in wealthy.

The 15th century was the century which spans the Julian years to In Europe, the 15th century is seen as the bridge between the Late Middle Ages, the Early Renaissance, and the Early modern ashio-midori.comnium: 2nd millennium.

The 15th century saw the rise of the Platonic Academy of Florence and the great humanistic courts. Close ties between Gian Francesco Poggio Bracciolini and the Medici helped make that ruling family of Florence the new custodians of the humanistic heritage.

House of Medici - Wikipedia